to lesson 15
to other lessons
Teacher / parent notes
Desk Top Publishing
A Newspaper is a classic use of Desk Top Publishing.
Professional newspaper editors use text and photographs produced
by journalists and photographers many miles away and combine
them with diagrams and headlines created at home to produce a
newspaper which must be printed in yet another place and transported
around the country. Photographs can be sent via mobile phones
directly from the scene of a disaster or a sporting event arriving
in the editor's office minutes after the picture has been taken.
Look at the Daily Telegraph or its Web site The
Electronic Telegraph for examples of up-to-date news combining
text and graphics.
Here's one I prepared earlier:
I visited the Electronic Telegraph and downloaded
this picture and this text:
AT least 62 people died as winds of up to 132 mph tore through
northern Europe leaving a trail of destruction. The victims included
29 in France, 11 in Switzerland and 15 in Germany.
Freak weather left Paris in chaos. Airports at Roissey-Charles
de Gaulle and Orly had to be closed, along with the Tuileries
Gardens and the Royal Palace of Versailles, where thousands of
trees were uprooted and ancient windows shattered.
In Paris walls and roofs collapsed. Streets were littered with
broken shutters, upturned trees and twisted metal. The awning
of the Lido topless cabaret show was hurled down the Champs-Elysees,
hitting a police car. Bus shelters in the famous avenue were
smashed as Christmas decorations were ripped from department
A couple were killed in the French capital when a chimney crashed
into their flat. Their new-born baby was found alive in the ruins.
Several people were killed as trees fell on their cars.
At one point yesterday, seven of the city's 14 Metro lines were
shut as well as nearly all commuter rail services to and from
the suburbs. In Le Havre, a woman was drowned after being blown
into the harbour.
Multiple car pile-ups, caused by falling trees, left widespread
injuries. At Ille-et-Vilaine, north-western France, three people
died as their cars skidded into an uprooted fir tree. Falling
trees created panic at the Disneyland theme park, 20 miles outside
Paris, where 2,500 guests had to be evacuated from the Davy Crockett
Ranch hotel after six people were injured.
In the Swiss ski resort of Crans Montana, an uprooted tree smashed
through a lift cable, sending a gondola and its five occupants
crashing on to a slope. One of the skiers died and two more were
seriously injured. In Zurich, an elderly man was blown to his
death off a roof and a driver was killed when a tree fell on
to his car.
A swimmer in a pool at Dielsdorf, outside the city, was killed
by falling debris as were a six year-old child and two elderly
men in Argovie in northern Switzerland.
In Germany, three people were killed near Karlsruhe, in Baden-Wuerttemberg,
when their car was crushed by a falling tree. Two more died in
a similar accident near the Bavarian town of Erding. A 55-year-old
woman walking in a forest near Esslingen was killed by a tree.
In Belgium, heavy rain flooded roads near Liege and Namur. And
in freezing temperatures in Moscow, five people died of hypothermia.
Telegraph and the Daily Telegraph lay out their pages according to their
style guides. You can make your own style guides and decide yourself how
you want to present your information.
newspaper has its own style guides which make that newspaper different
from other national papers. Local newspapers also have their own priorities
which generally make local news more important. they might, for instance
emphasise the fact that a local man was killed in the French storms, rather
than that a larger number of French people had been killed. The headline
"Small Earthquake in Chile - Cambridge Man Slightly Injured"
may give you the idea.
dtp program to lay out this story as a front page story for your local
paper. Make sure you look at examples of your real local paper first.
Make a note of :
- the headline
(which type face does it use, how many words in a typical headline,
which words are missed out from a typical sentence, which words are
chosen to emphasise the drama of the headline....);
where the picture appears and how big it is compared to the length of
the written article;
whether the article begins with capital letters, larger or bold type,
what the first paragraph contains etc;
how many columns of text there are and how many columns the picture
- how many
paragraphs there are and how many sentences there are in a paragraph.
notes to design your own page for this story. Use the picture above, which
is in JPEG format. Hold down your mouse button over the picture and save
it to your disc. Have a separate text box for the headline and for the
story. It may be helpful to have a separate text box for a caption for
the picture and perhaps the first paragraph to the story. Make sure the
text flows from one column to the next.
If you can
manage the layout to this story you may graduate to the next lesson -
but before you move on, print out your page and show it to at least three
adults. Ask them " Is this page different from a National Newspaper?
- If so, how?" and note their answers. Adults who regularly read
newspapers will probably be able to tell you when something looks
different though they may have difficulty in telling you why. You
could change your layout or design to make it seem more realistic.
Do you think
this layout looks like a real newspaper? Give reasons why and why not...